Whether you’re thinking about planting a garden, or you’d just like to add some color to your lawn, you can’t go wrong with planting flowers. For many people, there’s nothing more satisfying than digging in the dirt and then watching their hard labor turn into beautiful living works of art right before their eyes. But before you can have a beautiful, handmade flower-filled garden of your own, you must arm yourself with the knowledge of some of the most common flower types in order to help them grow to their fullest potential.

Common Types of Flowers

Annual flowers. Just as their name might suggest, annuals last just a single season and then poof — they’re gone. If you like the look of them, you must replant them again the next year. While this may be more work, it also affords you greater possibilities in the future, as any unappealing flowers can quickly be swapped for another variety. An example of an annual flower is a petunia or a marigold. They tend to do best in gardens, and are also very well-suited for hanging baskets.

Planting annuals must be carefully timed, as they’ll die if they’re planted too early in the spring and the weather turns too cold, and if they’re planted too late, they won’t get the chance to fully mature before they die off. Annuals generally do best in locations that receive lots of sunlight, although you should check each variety before planting to verify, as some do prefer shade. One important method to keep annuals healthy is to regularly remove any dead or wilted petals and flowers from the plant.

Perennials. Again, the name of this flower suggests its lifecycle: unlike annuals, these come back year after year. They’re lower maintenance because of this, but once they take root, they are harder to get rid of. If you decide you don’t like the look or you wish to plant something different, you’ll have to manually dig them up first. Popular perennials are daylilies, irises, and garden mums.

Planting perennials can be done either in the fall or the spring. They do best in dry and loose soil, and should be placed deep enough to give their roots room to take hold. Once they’ve been planted, they should be watered quite frequently, with the water going directly into the soil (and allowing it to completely dry between waterings.) Perennials require a moderate to low amount of fertilizer to achieve full growth, and many gardeners only utilize a single application.

Bulbs. Common examples of bulbs are daffodils and tulips. While certainly beautiful to look at, they do not handle cold weather very well and cannot survive freezing temperatures. Many bulbs are considered perennials, and will continue to grow back each year (provided they survive the winter). Bulbs have the advantage of blooming virtually every time they are planted within the first year, and they are quite resistant to pests and diseases.

Planting bulbs (spring flowering varieties) is best done in the autumn. Choose a spot that receives lots of sunshine and has well-drained soil. For large bulbs, they should be planted at a depth that is roughly twice their height. After planting, apply a dry fertilizer and spread a 1-inch thick layer of mulch around the area.   Let our team at Gold Star Landscaping consult with you on the perfect blend of color into your landscape today!